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Capping Examples

On this page I try to explain the art of fare capping using real examples.  Unless otherwise stated they are for full adult fares using Oyster.

Multiple buses in one day

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
08:58Bus 96£1.50£1.50
09:20Bus 229£0.00£1.50Hopper fare
10:30Bus 51£1.50£3.00
12:44Bus 469£1.50£4.50
16:47Bus 428£0.00£4.50Daily bus cap reached

Commute using National Rail and Underground

Note how even a simple return journey can sometimes be limited by caps.
TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
08:00Crayford (6)Oxford Circus (1)£8.20£8.20
17:00Oxford Circus (1)Crayford (6)£4.60£12.80Zone 1-6 daily cap reached

Morning Peak journey with Off-peak cap reached

The first journey is during the morning peak and the day involves travel outside zones 1-6 so there is a cheaper off-peak cap available. Note that the anytime cap is not reached.
TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
09:10Bus 96£1.50£1.50
09:35Crayford (6)London Bridge (1)£4.10£5.60
12:15London Bridge (1)Bond Street (1)£2.40£8.00
13:30Bond Street (1)Tottenham Ct Rd (1)£2.40£10.40
15:00Oxford Circus (1)Dartford (8)£4.00£14.40Zone 1-8 off-peak cap
plus £1.50 for early bus

Morning Peak journey with Anytime cap reached

The same journeys but without using the bus to avoid a peak rail fare. This time the daily anytime cap is reached before the off-peak cap.
TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
09:10Dartford (8)London Bridge (1)£7.60£7.60
12:15London Bridge (1)Bond Street (1)£2.40£10.00
13:30Bond Street (1)Tottenham Ct Rd (1)£2.40£12.40
15:00Oxford Circus (1)Dartford (8)£4.10£16.50Zone 1-8 daily cap reached

Daily Capping with Oyster (mainly zone 1-2)

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
10:10Upminster (6)Tower Hill (1)£3.10£3.10
12:15Aldgate (1)Baker Street (1)£2.40£5.50
13:02Baker Street (1)Oxford Circus (1)£2.40£7.90
14:28Bond Street (1)Camden Town (2)£2.40£10.30
16:30Camden Town (2)Upminster (6)£2.50£12.80Zone 1-6 daily cap reached

Daily Capping with Contactless (mainly zone 1-2)

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
10:10Upminster (6)Tower Hill (1)£3.10£3.10will become a zone 6-3 extension later
12:15Aldgate (1)Baker Street (1)£2.40£5.50
13:02Baker Street (1)Oxford Circus (1)£2.40£7.90
14:28Bond Street (1)Camden Town (2)£0.60£8.50Zone 1-2 daily cap plus £1.50 off-peak extension fare for zones 6-3
16:30Camden Town (2)Upminster (6)£2.80£11.30As above plus a zone 3-6 peak extension fare

Rail in zones 1-2 plus buses and a tram

There is a special consideration if you cap at the zones 1-2 rate and then decide to use the tram. This is because trams only run in zones 3-6 and thus are not valid if the travelcard or cap doesn't include one of those zones.
TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
10:10Bayswater (1)Westminster (1)£2.40£2.40
11:25Victoria (1)Brixton (2)£2.40£4.80
11:42Bus 109£1.50£6.30
13:21West Croydon Tram£1.50£7.80Tram takes cap over zones 1-2
14:55Bus 54£0.40£8.20Zone 1-3 daily cap reached
16:30Lewisham (2)Bayswater (1)£0.00£8.20

I’ll be adding further examples over time.  Do respond in the comments if you have a scenario that you’d like explained.

2 Responses

  1. Hello Mike,

    thanks for the examples.
    I have another scenario I’m curious about (I think there is no influence of the time on the total price):
    Bayswater (1) -> Westminster (1) (tube)
    Victoria (1) -> Brixton (2) (tube)
    Brixton [-> West Croydon] (bus 109)
    West Croydon [-> Beckenham Junctiom] (tram, but not within a hopper fare!)
    Beckenham Junction [-> Lewisham] (bus 54, but not within a hopper fare!)
    Lewisham (2+3) -> Bayswater (1) (DLR + tube)

    Thanks a lot for your help!
    Ulf from Germany

  2. Hi Ulf,

    That’s an excellent suggestion. It’s reminded me that I need to examine some other edge cases involving trams. Your specific example is included above.

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