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Capping Examples

On this page I try to explain the art of fare capping using real examples.  Unless stated otherwise they are for full adult fares using Oyster. First we have a simple case of using multiple buses in one day.

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
08:58Bus 96£1.50£1.50
09:20Bus 229£0.00£1.50Hopper fare
10:30Bus 51£1.50£3.00
12:44Bus 469£1.50£4.50
16:47Bus 428£0.00£4.50Daily bus cap reached

Next is a very simple commute using National Rail and Undergroud. This also shows how even a simple return journey can sometimes be limited by caps.

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
08:00Crayford (6)Oxford Circus (1)£8.00£8.00
17:00Oxford Circus (1)Crayford (6)£4.50£12.50Zone 1-6 daily cap reached

Now it gets a bit more complex.  The first journey is during the morning peak and the day involves travel outside zones 1-6 so there is a cheaper off-peak cap available. Notice that the anytime cap is not reached.

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
09:10Bus 96£1.50£1.50
09:35Crayford (6)London Bridge (1)£4.00£5.50
12:15London Bridge (1)Bond Street (1)£2.40£7.90
15:00Oxford Circus (1)Dartford (8)£6.10£14.00Zone 1-8 off-peak cap
plus £1.50 for early bus

And now the same journeys but without using the bus to avoid a peak rail fare.  This time the daily anytime cap is reached before the off-peak cap.

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
09:10Dartford (8)London Bridge (1)£7.40£7.40
12:15London Bridge (1)Bond Street (1)£2.40£9.80
15:00Oxford Circus (1)Dartford (8)£6.30£16.10Zone 1-8 daily cap reached

To illustrate the difference between daily capping on Oyster and Contactless here are two tables with the same journeys.  First how Oyster applies capping.

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
10:10Upminster (6)Tower Hill (1)£3.10£3.10
12:15Aldgate (1)Baker Street (1)£2.40£5.50
13:02Baker Street (1)Oxford Circus (1)£2.40£7.90
14:28Bond Street (1)Camden Town (2)£2.40£10.30
16:30Camden Town (2)Upminster (6)£2.20£12.50Zone 1-6 daily cap reached

And now how Contactless works out the best combination of caps and extension journeys.

TimeFromToFareTotalNotes
10:10Upminster (6)Tower Hill (1)£3.10£3.10will become a zone 6-3 extension later
12:15Aldgate (1)Baker Street (1)£2.40£5.50
13:02Baker Street (1)Oxford Circus (1)£2.40£7.90
14:28Bond Street (1)Camden Town (2)£0.40£8.30Zone 1-2 daily cap plus £1.50 off-peak extension fare for zones 6-3
16:30Camden Town (2)Upminster (6)£2.80£11.10As above plus a zone 3-6 peak extension fare

I’ll be adding further examples over time.  Do respond in the comments if you have a scenario that you’d like explained.

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